## 24 Mountains, Trigram, Yin and Yang [Master Class 18]

Last week we had an overview of the constitution of the full Flying Star Map, which comprises of the Mountain Star, Facing (Water) Star and the Period (Yun) Star.  In particular I taught you how to find out the Period Stars.  This week, I’ll equip you with the necessary knowledge to find out the Mountain Stars and Facing Stars.

To do this, we need to have the 24 Mountains concept in mind.  It is the way we Feng Shui masters use the measure the orientation of a house.  Most of you learnt the four directions, i.e. North, East, South and West when you were very young.  When you grew older, you would learn the other four directions in between, Northeast, Northwest, Southeast and Southwest.  These eight directions are pretty enough in daily life to differentiate different directions.

Now I’m telling you that there are 24 directions according to Chinese Feng Shui theories, that we called the 24 Mountains.  If you divide 360 degrees into 24 portions, each will be merely 15 degrees. The narrow width of each portion means that there is not much toleration for error.  (And in fact if you study Feng Shui in advanced level, you will know that each 15-degree portion is further divided into 3 sub-portions, in a 3-9-3 degrees manner.  Isn’t it crazy?  In a way yes, but such complicated calculation could also be seen as a signal of how advanced Feng Shui is.

For now, we’ll just focus on the 24 Mountains.

## 24 Mountains: Using Compass to Find Out

There are eight directions and in each direction there are three smaller portions.  Each portion is called a Mountain, three portions in each of the eight directions, i.e. 3 x 8 = 24 Mountains.  Here I list out the degrees of all 24 Mountains.

North

• Ren (壬) – 337.6 to 352.5
• Zi (子) – 352.6 to 7.5
• Gui (癸) – 7.6 to 22.5

Northeast

• Chou (丑) – 22.6 to 37.5
• Gen (艮) – 37.6 to 52.5
• Yin (寅) – 52.6 to 67.5

East

• Jia (甲) – 67.6 to 82.5
• Mao (卯) – 82.6 to 97.5
• Yi (乙) – 97.6 to 112.5

Southeast

• Chen (辰) – 112.6 to 127.5
• Xun (巽) – 127.6 to 142.5
• Si (巳) – 142.6 to 157.5

South

• Bing (丙) – 157.6 to 172.5
• Wu (午) – 172.6 to 187.5
• Ding (丁) – 187.6 to 202.5

Southwest

• Wei (未) – 202.6 to 217.5
• Kun (坤) – 217. to 232.5
• Shen (申) – 232.6 to 247.5

West

• Geng (庚) – 247.6 to 262.5
• You (酉) – 262.6 to 277.5
• Xin (辛) – 277.6 to 292.5

Northwest

• Xu (戌) – 292.6 to 307.5
• Qian (乾) – 307.6 to 322.5
• Hai (亥) – 322.6 to 337.5

If we write down the 24 mountains around the circumvent of a compass, you would get something like this:

Image Courtesy: Ray Langley (via this site)

The best tool to measure a house’s orientation is certainly a Chinese Feng Shui compass, which usually looks like the following photo.  The advantage of using Feng Shui compass is that the 24 Mountains are already printed around the compass, so you don’t need to refer to the above list.  There is another advantage that I’ll cover later when we talk about assigning the Stars in ascending or descending order.

If you want to buy a Feng Shui compass, you can easily get one at an affordable price from Amazon. Just click this link to search for one you like.

But if you do not have a Feng Shui compass, you still could an ordinary compass to do Feng Shui.  Simply refer to the above list after you measured the directions.

## Sitting and Facing Directions

We have learnt a bit about finding out the sitting (backing) direction and facing direction of a house.  Let’s re-cap and see how we could do it for finding out which of the 24 Mountains the house belongs to.

Firstly, you need to find the center point of the house.  It is usually the point where the diagonal lines intersect if the house is a simple square or rectangle.  The image below shows the center points of common shapes of houses.

But usually modern houses would not be such regular, the shapes of modern houses usually look like the combination of a few rectangles, sometimes with triangles and circles as well.  In these cases, we find out the center points by cutting out small projections and filling up small recessions, so that the overall shapes become more regular.

Then, we measure the directions when standing in the center point of the house.  The direction where the entrance door locates is the facing direction.  For example, if the entrance door is in the Zi (子) direction, we call this house facing Zi.  We call this the Facing Direction.

In Chinese Feng Shui we do not only use the facing direction to name a house, we also use the direction where the house “backs”.  How to find out the backing direction?  Easy.  Just find out the direction opposite to the facing direction on the compass.  So if the facing direction is Zi, the backing direction must be Wu (午).  We call the backing direction as the Mountain direction.

This is a hard rule, we always use the opposite of the Facing Direction as the Mountain Direction, and vice versa.  When Feng Shui masters talk to each other, they 100% use this system of nomenclature, there is no exception.  We always combine the Facing and Mountain Directions and say a house is Wu Mountain Zi Facing (午山子向).  The direct translation is grammatically wrong, but let’s just live with it for now.

Knowing the Mountain and Facing directions are important, because we need these two directions to find out the Mountain and Facing Flying Stars in the nine boxes of the Flying Star Map.

## Mountain, Facing and Period Stars [Master Class 17]

In the last lesson we learnt how to determine the Period (Yun) of a house, this time let’s begin going deeper into Flying Star Feng Shui.

Do you remember the image I showed you last time?  In this image you can find a Flying Star Map.  There are nine boxes in this map aligned in 3 x 3 grid.  In each box there are three numbers, two on top and one at the bottom.  This is the typical Flying Star Map that most Feng Shui masters deal with everyday.

At first this kind of Flying Star Maps may seem difficult to understand, but as your skills grow you will find them easy to read and draw.  There will be a few lessons spent on how to “draw” a Flying Star Map like this, followed by a few more lessons on interpreting the Map.

Why do you need to learn this complicated Flying Star Map?  After 16 lessons, you should now understand Feng Shui is much much more than putting which color in which direction, or which zodiac sign likes which shape of house.  In Feng Shui there involves a lot of calculations.  You must know which three Flying Stars are in which direction, then know the chemistry (interaction) among the three, before interpreting the good and bad of the directions.  So, knowing how to draw the map is the first step of learning Flying Star Feng Shui.

## The Period Star (a.k.a. Yun Star)

Among the three stars in each box, the bottom star is the easiest to understand.  It is called the Period Star, or Yun Star in which “Yun” means 運 in Chinese.  Remember there are nine Periods (Yuns) in three cycles and they repeat endlessly?

Yes, the Period (Yun) referred to here is the Period of the “nine Periods”.  I said the Period Star is the simplest to understand, because it is very simple to determine.  As long as you know the Period (Yun) of a house, you can find out all nine Period Stars in the Flying Star Map.

For a house built in the first Period, Flying Star 1 will occupy the central box as the Period Star.  For a house built in the second Period, the central Period Star is 2.  It follows naturally that 3 is the Period Star in the central box for a house build in the third Period, and so on.  Finally, Flying Star 9 is the Period Star in the center of houses built in the ninth Period.

Then we need to allocate the remaining eight Flying Stars to the remaining eight boxes as the Period Stars in these eight boxes.  The method is again very simple.  You only need to follow the Flying Star Sequence you learnt in Lesson 14.  Can’t remember?  Here you go:

Simply put, you should assign the Flying Stars in ascending order following the arrows above, starting from the center box.  In the above example, Flying Star 6 occupies the central box as the Period Star, so it should be the Flying Star Map of a house built in the sixth Period (Yun).

For example, for a house built in the seventh Period, Flying Star 7 will be the central Period Star.  The Period Star of the Northwest box will be 8, 9 in West, 1 in Northeast, 2 in South, 3in North, 4 in Southwest, 5 in East and 6 in Southeast.

Try practicing the above sequence until you can remember and do it by yourself.

## The Mountain and Facing Stars

Mountain Star, 山星 in Chinese, carries exactly the literal meaning.  It is the “mountain” in a particular box.

In Chinese Feng Shui, we need to check the directions of a house.  We do this by finding out the center point of the house, then find out the locations of the eight directions.  We especially concern the direction where the house backs and the direction where the house faces.  The direction that a house has at the back is the “mountain direction”.  The direction the house’s door faces is the “facing direction”.

## How to Determine the Period (Yun) of a House [Master Class 16]

Welcome back to Feng Shui Master Class, this is the 16th lesson.  This time I am going to teach you how to determine the period, a.k.a. (運), of a house or flat.  This is an important step in doing Flying Star Feng Shui.

The following is a typical Flying Star Map of a house.  You can see that there are 3 numbers in each box instead of 1 that you find in the Yearly Flying Star Map or Monthly Flying Star Map.  The yearly and monthly maps are just the first level of usage of Flying Star Feng Shui.  Ultimately you need to draw out a Flying Star Map like the one below in order to do Feng Shui for a house.  And to do this, determining the period (Yun) is the first step.

You will learn how to draw out a Flying Star Map like this in the coming weeks, but for today lets first get to know how to find out the exact Yun when a house was built.

## 9 Periods (Yun’s)

In Lesson 12 I have explained the basic concepts of the three Yuan’s and nine Yun’s (三元九運).  Some people like to use the direct translation of the Chinese 運 as Yun, some other people prefer saying the meaning, i.e. Period.  Some members told me that they’d rather know the meaning than the pronunciation, so in this lesson I shall use the term ‘Period’, which is the same as the ‘Yun’ explained in Lesson 12.

### A Period Lasts for 20 Years

The 9 Periods repeat the cycle endlessly.  The current Period is the eighth, which began in 2004 and will end in 2023.  So the last Period, the seventh, began in 1984 and ended in 2003.  It follows naturally that the sixth Period commenced in 1964 and ended in 1983; and the fifth Period commenced in 1944 and ended in 1963.

Usually for doing Feng Shui for modern buildings, we only need to know the timing of the fifth to the eighth Periods, because most modern buildings were built during these Periods.  Especially in places affected by the Second World War, most pre-War buildings were already gone.  However, if the building you want to examine was built before the fifth Period, you could do the calculation yourself because each Period lasts for 20 years.  So you can easily find out in which Period the building was built by counting how many multiples of 20 years the building was built before the current year.

### A Period Does Not Begin on 1 January

I think most followers of this blog knows that for Feng Shui purpose a year does not begin on 1 January.  And it does not begin on the first day of the Chinese new year.  It begins in Spring, which for most of the time happens on 4 February.

The same applies to the beginning of a Period.  When we say the eighth Period began in 2004, we mean it began on 4 February 2004.  If a building was built on 7 January 2004, it was not built in the eighth Period but the Seventh.  Even if the building was built on 28 January 2004, which is the seventh day of the Chinese New Year, it was still not considered as a eighth Period building.  The reason is that the Gregorian Calendar, Chinese Calendar and ‘Feng Shui Calendar’ are three sets of systems.

As I said, Spring ‘usually’ comes on 4 February but not always.  Sometimes it comes on the 5th and sometimes the 3rd.  For example, in 2017 spring will begin on 3rd February.  You can rely on the internet to find out the exact date (and hour and second) of Spring in a particular year.  In Chinese we call Sping as ‘Li Chun’, you can search for phrases like ‘Li chun in 1978’ in search engine to find out the date of Li Chun in that year.

To help you to determine the beginning time of the last few Periods, I listed them out below:

• Fifth Period – 06:22, 5 February 1944
• Sixth Period – 03:05, 5 February 1964
• Seventh Period – 11:19, 4 February 1984
• Eighth Period – 19:58, 4 February 2004

### When was a Building Built?

The real problem that deserves a whole lesson to discuss is how to determine the time when a building was built.  There are several schools of theories, let me explain one by one.

## Feng Shui Aquarium [Master Class 15]

This is the 15th lesson of the Feng Shui Master Class, after the last 14 weeks you have learnt a great deal of Feng Shui theories, this week we shift our focus from theories to application.  We’ll see how to design a Feng Shui aquarium for your house or workplace.

Feng Shui aquarium is a hot topic in the Feng Shui field.  An aquarium can serve decorative as well as Feng Shui purposes.  Besides, it is the simplest way of “raising pets”.  Compared with have a dog or cat, it is less troublesome to keep an aquarium.  This is why many Feng Shui masters recommend their clients to use Feng Shui aquarium, and may Feng Shui DIYers want to design their own.

After finishing this lesson, you will know almost everything you need to design a Feng Shui aquarium.  It requires knowledge of Flying Star Feng Shui, Five Elements Theory, Form Feng Shui and most important of all, common sense.  I will help you to pull these things together to form the best Feng Shui strategy using the tank, water and fishes!

## Feng Shui Aquarium Locations

Where should I put the aquarium?  This is always the first question people ask about placing an aquarium at home.  There are does and don’ts for the choice of location.

Water means wealth (水為財) is a very common saying in Chinese Feng Shui theory.  If we could properly use the aquarium, which contains lots of flowing water, it is very likely it could bring wealth.  The advantage of flowing water is that it’s “live” and moving, it means non-stop flow of money.

### Southwest

Southwest is a universal direction to place the aquarium until 2023.  Why?  In the first lesson I have told you that from 2004 to 2023 it is favorable to have water in the Southwest direction.  During this period it is the eighth Yun (運) a.k.a. the eighth period, so it’s good to have an aquarium in this direction inside your house to create artificial source of water.

### Northeast

In 2013 Northeast is a good direction for Feng Shui aquarium.  It is where the Flying Star 8 locates in this year.  This Flying Star carries the meaning of wealth and money, the best way to trigger its good effects is to use water.

How about the coming years?  Just follow my instructions in the last lesson to find out the Flying Star 8 location in the coming year.  Alternatively, follow my blog to know once I published the next year’s FREE Feng Shui guide!  (Blog post RSS feeds, Facebook, Google+ and Twitter)

### Beside the Entrance Door

If the above two directions are not available in your house or workplace, you can choose to place the aquarium beside the entrance door.  According to Feng Shui theories this is where the Cheng Mun Location is.  This location could be used to boost wealth.

### Bedroom

Bedroom is where we should not place the aquarium.  The flowing water is dynamic but we need a static environment for the place where we sleep.  So you should not place a Feng Shui aquarium in the bedroom.

### Kitchen

Kitchen is another place you should not place the aquarium in.  Kitchen is a “fire” place according to the Five Elements Theory.  On the other hand, aquarium has “water” characteristic.  In Lesson 13 we mentioned the conflict between water and fire.  You should not co-locate these two elements.

## Water Flow

There is a general rule that if the water flow of your aquarium is in one direction, it should never be flowing out of your home.  The reason is that water flowing out looks like losing money.  On the other hand, it is preferred to have water flowing into the house.

For speed, the water flow should be gentle, not too fast nor too slow.  Remember not to use a static tank.  The water inside a Feng Shui aquarium must always be live.  Similarly, do not use fake plastic fishes.  We need real fish to make it work.

## Height and Size of Aquarium

The height and size of aquarium also matter.  For height, you should always place the aquarium at the waist level.  It is good if you consider it using common sense – it’s easy for you to maintain the aquarium.  And you can see the fishes swimming easily.

You should not put the aquarium too high or too low.  Not only would it be too difficult to clean it or see it, a high aquarium means “water following from height” (淋頭水) in Feng Shui, which is not good for health.  For a low aquarium that is placed near the level of your feet, it constitutes “water flooding your feet” (割腳水), which is not good for health as well.

For size, there is no definite lucky size in square inch, the only principle is to in proportion to the house or the living room it is located.  If the living room is big, you should not place a tiny Feng Shui aquarium.  Similarly, a small house cannot have a big aquarium inside.  Just use your common sense to judge.

## Feng Shui Aquarium Shape, Color and Quantity

After deciding on the location of aquarium, we need to choose the right tank and the correct color and quantity of fishes.  We use Flying Star Feng Shui and Five-element Theory to find out all the answers.

## Yearly and Monthly Flying Star Charts & Flying Star Sequence [Master Class Lesson 14]

Welcome back to the Feng Shui Master Class, in this lesson 14 we will learn how to draw out the Flying Star Charts for a particular year and month.  Some people call the “Charts” as “Maps” (sometimes I do too), for consistency I will use the term “Charts” in this article.

As you may know, the Flying Stars change there positions every year and month.  Flying Star Feng Shui studies the whereabouts of these stars and match with your house’s interior design to determine how good or bad the Feng Shui of your house is in a particular year or month.  This is why drawing out the Flying Star Charts are critical to studying Feng Shui.

If you remember in the first lesson I have briefly introduced the different Feng Shui systems.  I grouped the methods into two types, namely “Form Feng Shui” and “Calculation Feng Shui”.  Flying Star Feng Shui is the major Calculation Feng Shui system being implemented on earth.  As the word “Caluclation” implies, you need to do maths when using this Feng Shui system.  Yes, even for drawing out the Yearly and Monthly Flying Star Charts you are required to calculate.

## Flying Star Sequence

Before you know the calculation formula, you need to know the Flying Star Sequence (a.k.a. Flying Star Flight Sequence).  It governs how the Flying Stars change locations.  Below is the 2012 Flying Star Chart:

The whereabout of these Flying Stars is not random.  There is a sequence (the Flying Star Sequence) in it.  We begin from the center, which is 6 in this year.  The next Flying Star, 7, is in the Northwest corner.  Then 8 in the West and 9 in the Northeast.  From 9 we come back to 1 which is in South.  The following Stars 2, 3, 4 and 5 are in North, Southwest, East and Southeast.  If you jot down the sequence you will get this:

Center -> Northwest -> West -> Northeast -> South -> North -> Southwest -> East -> Southeast

To represent it in graphical format:

Follow the rainbow sequence + Gray in the end, i.e. Red -> Orange -> Yellow -> Green -> Light Green -> Blue -> Purple -> Gray, you would see that the numbers are in descending sequence.  This is the “Flying Star Sequence” that all Feng Shui practitioners must memorize.  Please repeat it again and again until you really memorize it and would never forget.

This sequence is definite and won’t be changed.  We only change the Flying Star at the starting point (the Center) and whether the Stars are allocated in ascending or descending order in different situations, but the sequence itself won’t change.

In fact, this Flying Star Sequence is not only used for drawing out the Yearly and Monthly Feng Shui Charts, it is also critical to finding out the Flying Star locations for all houses.  You’ll learn this method in the coming lessons.

## Yearly Flying Star Charts

After knowing the Flying Star Sequence, your next learning point is the Flying Star Charts.  This is not difficult at all once you mastered the Flying Star Sequence.  Here is how we do it:

## Five Elements and Flying Star Feng Shui [Master Class Lesson 13]

I bet most people who study Feng Shui should have heard of Five Elements (五行), a.k.a. Wu Xing.  These five elements, namely Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water, are critical to examining the Feng Shui of a living space.

The Flying Star Feng Shui theory is heavily based on the theory of Five Elements.  The promotion of good effects of good Flying Stars and the dilution of the bad effects of bad Flying Stars require your understanding of the Five Elements.  This is why in this second lesson of Flying Star Feng Shui, we shall study Five Elements in details.

I know that many of you may have learnt Five Elements from various sources, such as this Five Elements page on Wikipedia.  Here in this lesson, we shall learn not only what Five Elements are, we would also know exactly how they could be applied in Flying Star Feng Shui.  You would also see examples showing the actual application of the theories.

## The Five Elements

The Five Elements are Wood (木), Fire (火), Earth (土), Metal (金) and Water (水).  The colors, shapes and Flying Stars of these Five Elements are:

### Wood

• Green
• Long rectangular / Stripes / Linear
• Flying Stars 3 and 4

### Fire

• Red / Orange / Purple
• Triangle / Irregular and pointed shape
• Flying Star 9

### Earth

• Yellow / Brown
• Square
• Flying Stars 2, 5 and 8

### Metal

• White / Golden / Silver
• Round
• Flying Stars 6 and 7

### Water

• Black / Blue
• Curve / Wave
• Flying Star 1

## The Interactions between Five Elements

The Five Elements are not standalone substances.  They have interactions among them.  There are two basic types of interactions, generating (生) and overcoming (剋).

### Generating

Generating means the creation of one substance by using another substance.  Below are the generating rules:

• Wood generates Fire
• Fire generates Earth
• Earth generates Metal
• Metal generates Water
• Water generates Wood

Try drawing out the generating path by pointing an arrow from the original substance to the substance being generated.  You would find out that you have drawn a circle.  Yes, the generation of substances is a cycle without end.  In the list above, the Wood being generated could further generates Fire.  In fact, there is no beginning as well.  I started the list in Wood simply because this is how I memorize the Five Elements.  You can start drawing out the cycle by Fire, Earth, Metal or Water first, and the cycle will be the same.

Some people find it difficult to memorize the generating cycle.  You can visualize the cycle by using the following analogy:

• You drill Wood to make Fire
• When you burn something to generate Fire, there would be ashes (Earth) produced
• Earth (underground) is where Metal ore is hidden and created
• When Metal melts it turns into liquid form (or Metal is where water is condensed on)
• Water feeds vegetation (Wood)

### Overcoming

On the other hand, the overcoming interaction means the consumption / reduction / destruction of a substance by another.  The overcoming interactions are:

• Wood overcomes Earth
• Earth overcomes Water
• Water overcomes Fire
• Fire overcomes Metal
• Metal overcomes Wood

Again, the overcoming interactions could be drawn in an endless cycle.  However, the cycle is not a simply reversal of the generating cycle.  If you draw out the overcoming arrows right on the generating cycle graph, you would result in a star shaped cycle.  Below is a graph I downloaded from Wikipedia showing the situation:

To memorize the overcoming interactions, you could use analogies as well:

• The roots of Wood penetrates (and damage the integrity) the Earth
• We create dam using soil (Earth) to block the flow of Water
• Water could put out Fire
• Fire melts Metal
• Axe (Metal) could cut Wood

## Application of Five Elements in Flying Star Feng Shui

Now we begin the most critical part of this lesson.  The Five Element Theory itself is a complete philosophical system, but when it is applied to Feng Shui, we need to know how to use it in the Feng Shui context.

I’ll devote the whole of the following section to explaining how to use Five Elements to d Flying Star Feng Shui.  After reading this, you would fully understand why in my free Feng Shui 2013 guide I would ask you to do this or that in a particular direction (in other words, you can do Feng Shui yourself and know why so).  In brief, we use the generating / overcoming interactions to maximize the good effects and minimize the bad effects.

Continue reading “Five Elements and Flying Star Feng Shui [Master Class Lesson 13]”

## Feng Shui Analysis – How to Do Ba Gua Feng Shui? [Feng Shui Master Class 11]

This is a lesson in which I’ll show you how to do a complete Feng Shui analysis using the Feng Shui knowledge you learnt in the last 10 lessons.  In the first lesson I have shown you what the different Feng Shui systems are.  Since then, we have learnt how to examine the external and internal environments.  We dealt with the interpretation of Feng Shui problems in different directions.  We also spent three lessons in learning the essentials of Ba Gua Feng Shui.

With all the things you learnt, you should by now have a fairly good knowledge in Feng Shui.  You should be capable to do a basic Feng Shui analysis.  What you do not have may be practical experience.  This is why I would like to use this lesson to demonstrate the correct procedures of a Feng Shui analysis.  We will do Ba Gua Feng Shui because it is the basic system that you easily master.  When we finished learning more advanced Feng Shui systems such as Flying Star Feng Shui, we will do a similar demonstration here.

Here is today’s rundown.  I’ll first explain step by step what needs to be checked.  Then, I’ll use a real life case to explain what could be achieved during a Feng Shui analysis.  We would also learn the methods to cure Feng Shui problems.

## Feng Shui Analysis (1) – Read the Map

The first step to take in a Feng Shui analysis is to read the map.  If you have been expecting to go all the way to the site, no, sorry, this is not what a Feng Shui master would do.  We always do background research before going to the site.

In the past this could be quite difficult because most required information is not publicly available.  Nowadays, with the advancement of technology we could easily retrieve the required information via the internet.  The first tool you are going to use is Google Maps.

The use of Google Maps is to check the surrounding environment of the site.  You could certainly walk around the site, but nothing beats the satellite view Google Maps provides that shows everything around the site.

What you need to check are the location of everything that projects from the ground level, such as hills and buildings, and the source of water such as rivers, streams, lakes, water ponds (even artificial ones count) and fountain.  We also need to mark down the location and routing of roads, highways and flyovers.  If there are any special objects outside, such as street light pole, you should also take note of them.

Then, you compare the external environment with the house according to the principles outlined in Lesson 3 (natural objects) and Lesson 4 (artificial objects).

## Feng Shui Analysis (2) – Find the Layout Plan

In the past, Feng Shui masters had to draw out the layout plan after actually measuring the dimensions on site.  Nowadays, you can easy get the layout plan of your house through your real estate agent.  Even if you have to measure and draw by yourself, the tools available to you are much more than the ancient times.

No matter you get the floor plan from the agent or you draw it out, the next step is to find out the center point of your house.  We need to do this because we’ll find out the different directions by standing right in the center of the house and use a compass to measure.  Without knowing the center point you cannot find out the correct directions.

One extra thing you could do in this step is to check the floor number and building shape.  In Lesson 7 we had discussed what are the lucky floor numbers and building shapes for different kinds of people.

## Feng Shui Analysis (3) – Check the Interior Design

If you are examining the Feng Shui of an existing occupied house, you need to check and mark down the interior design.  You need to record the whereabouts of the main entrance, kitchen (and the stove), bathroom, bedrooms, bed, desk, couch, flower vase, aquarium, clock, mirror, etc.

If the flat is completely new (and vacant), you have greater flexibility to design.  I recently helped a guy to re-design his house.  I found that the master bedroom his wife and him occupy was not good.  The bad Feng Shui affects their health (and the couple really had a bad time in the recent months).  The problem was that if they do not sleep in the master bedroom, they could only choose to sleep in a much smaller bedroom.  And they have to remove everything in the smaller bedroom and tailor made a double bed.  This caused a lot of troubles.  So if you have a choice, please carefully design the Feng Shui of your house before you move-in.

The principles of interior Feng Shui design are explained in Lesson 5 (door, bedroom and kitchen) and Lesson 6 (study room, toilet and living room).

## Feng Shui Analysis (4) – Check the Gua of Occupants

In Lesson 9 we have learnt how to find out the Gua of a person according to the year of birth.  We could base on a person’s Gua to find out the lucky and unlucky directions of him/her.  This is a critical step because we must do Feng Shui according to the actual “likes” and “dislikes” of his/her fate.  If we know that having a bedroom in East is good for a person we should definitely do so.  Go and re-read Lesson 9 if you forgot how to find out the personal Gua.

## Feng Shui Analysis (5) – Check the Gua of the House

Similarly, we should also find out the Gua of a house, and subsequently the lucky and unlucky directions inside.  The method is explained in Lesson 10.  Of the eight directions, which are lucky and which are unlucky?  I have a detailed explanation in Lesson 8 about the meanings of the eight Xing-yaos.

## Feng Shui Analysis (6) – Combining Everything Together

The last step of the Ba Gua Feng Shui analysis is to combine everything mentioned above.  After knowing where we should put the bedrooms, kitchen, toilet, entrance door etc in a house according to the personal Gua and the house’s Gua, we could design the interior following the form Feng Shui principles.

On the other hand, if there is bad Feng Shui in a particular direction, you could follow the method explained in Lesson 2 to find out who in the family may be affected and the nature of the effect.  Each of the eight directions represent one family member and particular parts of the body.  Simply refer to the list in Lesson 2 you could easily figure out the impact of the Feng Shui problem.

## Example

This is a real life case where I have actually gone there and inspected the Feng Shui.  The location of this apartment is in Tai Po, Hong Kong, the city where I live.

## Ba Gua Feng Shui Essentials (3) – Ba Gua House [Feng Shui Master Class 10]

Welcome back to the last lesson of the Ba Gua Feng Shui essentials series.  In the last two lessons we have learnt the nature of the eight Xing-yaos (星曜) and how to find out the directions of your personal Xing-yaos.  We also knew how to maximize the use of the lucky Xing-yaos.  This time we shall look at the Xing-yao locations in different houses.

Ba Gua Feng Shui, and most other Feng Shui theories, examine the relationship between people and the living space.  If there are eight Xing-yaos belonging to you personally, there should also be eight Xing-yaos in different directions of the house.  Our aim is not only to find out your lucky directions and make use of them (which we learnt in last week’s lesson), but also to match your own Xing-yao locations with those of your house.  It is just like buying a car, if you enjoy the excitement of speed, you would look for a racing car.  If we put you in a family car, you won’t feel like driving it.

Once again, let me clarify the difference between the Ba Gua Feng Shui being taught here and what most other Feng Shui web sites tell you.  The authentic Chinese Ba Gua Feng Shui theory classify people and houses in eight types.  The reason is simple, there are only eight Guas (卦) in the universe (Ba Gua means eight Guas in Chinese, Ba means eight).  If you have read I-ching (易經), the Chinese philosophy book which is also the origin of most Feng Shui and Chinese astrology systems, you would know that there are only eight Guas and we categorize everything in the universe into eight types.

## Ba Gua Feng Shui House

Now let’s begin our last lesson of the Ba Gua Feng Shui essentials.  To refresh your memory, here are the eight Xing-yaos you need to know and memorize:

The four lucky Xing-yaos are:

• Sheng-chi (生氣)
• Yien-nian (延年)
• Tien-yi (天醫)
• Fu-wei (伏位)

The four unlucky Xing-yaos are:

• Jue-ming (絕命)
• Wu-guei (五鬼)
• Liu-sha (六煞)
• Wuo-hai (禍害)

You may refer to the first Ba Gua Feng Shui lesson for detailed explanation of each Xing-yao and how to use them.  They are not universal in their disposition, in fact each person has his/her own Xing-yao map which has the eight Xing-yaos in eight different directions.  In the second Ba Gua Feng Shui lesson we have seen there whereabouts for eight different types of people.  Some students said that it is not easy to remember them, so this time I reproduced the information in graphical form:

In the last lesson we learnt that the Western group Guas are Qian, Gen, Kun and Dui while the Eastern group Guas are Kan, Zhen, Xun and Li.  Do you know why they are grouped in this way, and how we could use this Eastern/Western distinction to create good Ba Gua Feng Shui?

## Ba Gua Feng Shui Essentials (2) – Personal Lucky Directions [Feng Shui Master Class 9]

Welcome back!  In our second lesson of Ba Gua Feng Shui, we shall learn how to find out your true personal Gua and the lucky directions of yours accordingly.  After this lesson you would be able to tell which direction is good for you so as to maximize the use of these directions in daily life.

Actually according to authentic Chinese Ba Gua Feng Shui, people born in different years could be categorized into 8 types, each with a matching Ming Gua (命卦).  In the image below you can see eight Guas surrounding the Tai Chi (太極) logo.  These are the Ming Guas I have been talking about.

If you have read other Ba Gua Feng Shui books before, you may have came across a term “Gua Number” or “Kua Number”.  What does it mean?  The 1 to 9 Gua Number that you are used to see in other Feng Shui books are a modified version that originated from the Chinese Ba Gua Feng Shui theories.  I would not say the 1 to 9 Gua Number system is incorrect but it is certainly not the authentic Ba Gua Feng Shui practised by Chinese Feng Shui masters.  If you have chance to ask any Feng Shui master in China, Taiwan or Hong Kong, he/she would tell you that there are only 8 Ming Guas.

At the end of this article, I shall also tell you how to choose the luckiest couch for you.  Do you know the color and shape of a couch affects the Feng Shui of your flat?  Read on to know more!

## Interpretation of Eight Directions for Eight Ming Guas

We shall see the dispositions of the eight Xing-yaos (星曜) in eight directions for people of the eight different types of Ming Guas.

### Qian (乾) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – West
• Yien-nian (延年) – Southwest
• Tien-yi (天醫) – Northeast
• Fu-wei (伏位) – Northwest

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – South
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – East
• Liu-sha (六煞) – Southeast
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – North

### Gen (艮) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – Southwest
• Yien-nian (延年) – West
• Tien-yi (天醫) – Northwest
• Fu-wei (伏位) – Northeast

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – Southeast
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – North
• Liu-sha (六煞) – East
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – South

### Kun (坤) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – Northeast
• Yien-nian (延年) – Northwest
• Tien-yi (天醫) – West
• Fu-wei (伏位) – Southwest

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – North
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – Southeast
• Liu-sha (六煞) – South
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – East

### Dui (兌) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – Northwest
• Yien-nian (延年) – Northeast
• Tien-yi (天醫) – Southwest
• Fu-wei (伏位) – West

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – East
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – South
• Liu-sha (六煞) – Southeast
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – North

### Kan (坎) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – Southeast
• Yien-nian (延年) – South
• Tien-yi (天醫) – East
• Fu-wei (伏位) – North

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – Southwest
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – Northeast
• Liu-sha (六煞) – Northwest
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – West

### Zhen (震) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – South
• Yien-nian (延年) – Southeast
• Tien-yi (天醫) – North
• Fu-wei (伏位) – East

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – West
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – Northwest
• Liu-sha (六煞) – Northeast
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – Southwest

### Xun (巽) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – North
• Yien-nian (延年) – East
• Tien-yi (天醫) – South
• Fu-wei (伏位) – Southeast

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – Northeast
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – Southwest
• Liu-sha (六煞) – West
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – Northwest

### Li (離) Ming Qua

The four lucky Xing-yaos:

• Sheng-chi (生氣) – East
• Yien-nian (延年) – North
• Tien-yi (天醫) – Southeast
• Fu-wei (伏位) – South

The four unlucky Xing-yaos:

• Jue-ming (絕命) – Northwest
• Wu-guei (五鬼) – West
• Liu-sha (六煞) – Southwest
• Wuo-hai (禍害) – Northeast

If you map out the eight directions of the eight Ming Guas and superimpose one another , you would find out an interesting fact.  There are four Ming Guas that always have Northeast, Southwest, West and Northwest as lucky directions, while the remaining four Ming Guas always have these directions as unlucky ones.  Why so?

We call the former four Ming Guas as the four “Western Ming Guas” (東四命) and the latter four Ming Guas as the four “Eastern Ming Guas” (西四命).  For Western Ming Guas, Northeast, Southwest, West and Northwest are always good directions.  For Eastern Ming Guas, Northeast, Southwest, West and Northwest are always bad directions.  In other words, Qian, Gen, Kun and Dui are Western Ming Guas while Kan, Zhen, Xun and Li are Eastern Ming Guas.

Western Group Ming Guas:

• Qian
• Gen
• Kun
• Dui

Eastern Group Ming Guas:

• Kan
• Zhen
• Xun
• Li

By utilizing the similarity of the lucky and unlucky directions in the same group (Eastern or Western), we could plan the interior Feng Shui and maximize the good effects.  You will learn this useful strategy below.

## Ba Gua Feng Shui Essentials (1) – Eight Xing-yaos and Choosing Ceiling Light [Feng Shui Master Class 8]

We’ll start learning Ba Gua Feng Shui in this lesson.

If we have to classify Chi calculation Feng Shui systems, Ba Gua Feng Shui should be belong entry level.  According to this system, houses are categorized into 8 types.  All people are divided into 8 groups as well.  The basic requirement of Ba Gua Feng Shui is to match the house type with the type that the occupiers belong to.

Ba Gua means eight different Guas.  A Gua is a symbol consisting of three lines, either broken or complete.  Eight Guas represent eight directions.  To have a serious study of Ba Gua requires knowledge of Chinese Taoism and the concepts of Taiji (太極), Yin (陰) and Yang (陽).  But for this Master Class, we’ll skip these difficult concepts and let you know only those necessary ideas.

Not only do the eight Guas represent eight members in a family, they also represent virtually everything on earth, such as colors, body parts, shapes, stages of a process, etc.  We have already seen the meaning of the eight directions, which is in fact originated from the Ba Gua theories.  We shall see more about the meaning of the Ba Guas in the coming lessons.

## What is Ba Gua Feng Shui

Ba Gua Feng Shui examines the qualities of different directions according to what Xing-yao falls on different directions in a house.  There are four good and four bad Xing-yaos.  The location of these Xing-yaos depends on the orientation of a house.

### The Best Ba Gua Feng Shui

But only knowing the disposition of the Xing-yaos in your house is not enough.  The second level of Ba Gua Feng Shui is to find out the whereabouts of your own Xing-yaos.  In fact, you personally also have the Xing-yaos in eight directions.  The most desirable situation we want to achieve is to have the Xing-yaos of your house matching exactly your own Xing-yaos.  For example, if the Tien-yi (天醫) direction of your house is the same as the Tien-yi direction of your own, this is the best Feng Shui, because by using your house’s good direction your own good direction is also triggered, thus doubling the lucky effects.

### The Second Best Ba Gua Feng Shui

The second best situation is to have the four good Xing-yaos of your house the same as your personal four good Xing-yaos in a collective way.  For example, if the four good Xing-yaos of your house is in North, East, South and West, even if the exact four Xing-yaos of yours are not in exactly the same four corners (e.g. the house’s Tien-yi in North while your personal Tien-yi is also in North), as long as they also occupy North, East, South and West (e.g. the house’s Tien-yi in North while your another personal good Xing-yao such as Yien-nian is in North), this is good Ba Gua Feng Shui too.

### The Worst Ba Gua Feng Shui

The worst scenario is certainly the total mismatch of the house’s Xing-yaos and your own.  Why?  For example, if according to the house’s Xing-yaos the bed room should be located in South, but South is your bad direction according to your own Xing-yao, no matter you put the bedroom in South or not there is one set of Xing-yaos that could not be satisfied.  In this case you should consider relocating.

## The Eight Xing-yaos of Ba Gua Feng Shui

Let us first learn what the eight Xing-yaos are and what meanings/effects they carry.

### Sheng-chi (生氣)

It means success.  It is the best Xing-yao among all, which brings good health, wealth and luck.  It would be very best if the critical elements in your house are located here, such as entrance door and bedroom.

## Feng Shui Floor Numbers, Building Shapes and Colors [Master Class Lesson 7]

Hello!  Welcome back to the Feng Shui Master Class.  We have studied the internal environment in the last two lessons.  The internal Feng Shui is what you could control via interior design.  In this week we will look at things you cannot control after buying the flat.  They are the floor number and shape and color of your apartment.

Yes, the floor number and building shape could affect Feng Shui.  Usually when I check the Feng Shui of an apartment, I would firstly check if the floor numbering is good.  I would also look at the shape of the whole building.  The reason is simple, you can change the interior design to whatever style as long as the structure of the building so allows.  But you cannot change the floor number nor the shape or color of the building unless you relocate.  These are what many people overlook but actually quite important Feng Shui elements.

To check whether the floor number of your apartment and the shape and color of the building fit you, we need to know which of the five elements you belong to.  This could be very complicated because usually we need to check your actual birthday.  An easier way to do so is to check your year of birth and thus the zodiac sign.  Below is a list of zodiac signs according to the year of birth.

Rat: 1924, 1926, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008, 2020, 2032

Ox: 1925, 1937, 1949, 1961, 1973, 1985, 1997, 2009, 2021, 2033

Tiger: 1926, 1938, 1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010, 2022, 2034

Rabbit: 1927, 1939, 1951 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011, 2023, 2035

Dragon: 1928, 1940, 1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012, 2024, 2036

Snake: 1929, 1941, 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2013, 2025, 2037

Horse: 1930, 1942, 1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002, 2014, 2026, 2038

Sheep: 1931, 1943, 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2015, 2027, 2039

Monkey: 1932, 1944, 1956, 1968, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016, 2028, 2040

Rooster: 1933, 1945, 1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2005, 2017, 2029, 2041

Dog: 1934, 1946, 1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006, 2018, 2030, 2042

Pig: 1935, 1947, 1959, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2019, 2031, 2043

There is a trick here.  If you were born before 4 February of a year, you should treat yourself as born in the previous year when finding out your zodiac sign.  For example, if you were born in 20 January 1981, you should be a “monkey” instead of “rooster”.  Why?  According to Chinese Feng Shui principles a year begins in Spring, and Spring usually begins on 4 February.  Before 4 February the new year is not actually arrived.

OK, by knowing your zodiac sign, we could tell which one of the five elements’ characteristics you have:

Pig, Rat: Water

Snake, Horse: Fire

Tiger, Rabbit: Wood

Monkey, Rooster: Metal

Dragon, Dog, Ox, Sheep: Earth

## Should I Live on High or Low Level?

Not all people are suitable to live on high levels.  Some people would be more suitable to live in low-rise buildings or the lower floors of a high-rise building.  There is no exact definition for “high” and “low”, it really depends on the general situations of the place you live.

For example, in the city where I live in, Hong Kong, most residential buildings are over 30-storey high.  So we are used to count the 10th floor and below as lower floors, and 21st floor and above as high.  But in cities where the population density is lower, the buildings are usually lower.  A general rule of thumb is to divide the building into three portions, the lowest 1/3 being the lower floors, than the middle floors and the rest 1/3 are the high levels.

### Pig, Rat

Lower levels are more suitable to you for residential purpose.

### Snake, Horse

If possible, you should choose to live on high levels.

### Tiger, Rabbit

High levels are most suitable for you to live.

### Monkey, Rooster

Same as Snake, Horse, Tiger and Rabbit, high levels are most suitable for you to live.

### Dragon, Dog, Ox, Sheep

You are most suitable to live in low to medium floors.

(Photo by Gideon Tsang, CC License)

With the knowledge of your zodiac sign and the five-element characteristic you possess, we could find out the floor numbers that are good for you:

## Outside Your House – External Feng Shui Principles (2) [Master Class Lesson 4]

Welcome back!  This is the fourth lesson of the Feng Shui Master Class.  We shall continue our study of external Feng Shui.  In the last lesson we talked about the natural environment, trees, hills, rivers and other natural objects.  In this lesson, we shall look at artificial objects outside the building.

In ancient times there are not so many artificial objects that may affect Feng Shui.  So when modern Feng Shui masters need to apply Feng Shui, they need to think of ways to interpret the artificial objects using the old Feng Shui theories.  How do we do this?  We compare things by analogy.

Let’s see how we compare the man-made things with the natural objects.

## Buildings

In Chinese Feng Shui theories, “with one inch higher it is the mountain, with one inch lower it is the water” (高一寸即是山，低一寸即是水).  Even if there is no mountain around your home, if there is a taller building nearby, we treat it as a mountain for Feng Shui’s sake.

Remember in the last lesson we mentioned that it is preferred to have a mountain / hill behind your house?  We used the Forbidden City in Beijing, China to explain this.  If you live in a city where it is a large flatland, chances are your house does not have a mountain/hill behind.  In this case, the second best choice is to have a building behind your building.

There are two things to remember.  Firstly, we consider everything in front of the main entrance of your building as “in the front”, “behind” is the opposite.  What if there are more than one entrances?  In the past most houses in China has a main entrance and a few side doors.  The side doors were only used for delivery of garbage and ingress/egress of the servants.  The owner of the house and his family, who are the master of the house, goes in and out via the main entrance door.  Nowadays, we consider the mostly used entrance as the main entrance, and certainly we ignore those back doors used for delivery only.

Secondly, not all buildings are useful as an artificial hill behind your house.  Only those which are taller count.  In other words, if the building immediately behind is lower than your own building, this is bad Feng Shui.  It means no support by others.

Then, how about buildings in front of and on both sides of your own building?

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As we said last time, we do not want a hill  in front of our own house, so we certainly don’t want a building in the front.  Of course, in modern cities it is very hard that you have a house with no buildings in front, unless you live at the seafront.  So our next best choice is to have no buildings “immediately in front”, and preferably have a small space there.

On the left and right, we want things on both sides, something higher than the ground but not as high as the back.  If I have to make an analogy, I would say something just like the arms of a chair.  High at the back, support on both sides and nothing in front.

The photo below was downloaded from the Hong Kong Public Library web site.  It shows the Hong Kong central business district in the early 20th century.  The big white building in the middle is the old HSBC headquarters (now demolished).  HSBC is one of the biggest banks in Asia, it is also a multinational bank with presence in all continents except the Antarctica.  I’m not sure if those architects at that time know Feng Shui (probably not), but it so happen the location of the building and it’s design was a good demonstration.

Firstly, there is a hill at the back.  Secondly, there is no building in front.  What you can find in the photo is a garden in front of the main entrance of the HSBC building.  And further in the front is the sea.  On left and right are two buildings, none of them taller than the HSBC building nor the hill at the back.  This is a perfect Feng Shui example.

After knowing some good buildings around your home, let’s see the bad ones.  Look at the picture below which shows the top view of some buildings, your house faces a narrow slit between two buildings (it must be narrow to constitute a bad Feng Shui).

What’s wrong with it?  Please looking at the flow of Chi, a narrow slit creates a strong movement of the intangible Chi that comes to your house like a sword.  This is bad Chi.  Besides, if there is light shining through the slit, the light would be so bright that makes everybody seeing it uncomfortable.  All in all, it is not good for the health of the occupiers of the house.

The case below is another innocent crime that could be caused by buildings across the street.  The sharp angle of the opposite building looks like a knife pointing to your house.  The narrower the angle the sharper the knife and the greater harm caused to the health of the occupier of the house.  If you find this situation in your house, you could hang a convex mirror facing the sharp angle to neutralize the adverse effect.

Any more?  Yes, as I mentioned before, you can use analogy to analyse Feng Shui.  Imagine the window/door of your house as your face, what you don’t want to see immediately in front of you are not good Feng Shui.  Use your imagination, you can find lots of bad (and good) Feng Shu examples!

Apart from shapes of outside buildings, the types of building also have impacts on your house.  The worst type of community to live in is nearby cemeteries.  Besides, it is also not good to live near a power station (and sub-station), fire station and police station.  The former is pure Yin while the latter is pure Yang.  Both Yin and Yang to the extreme are not good according to Feng Shui theories.

We said “with one inch lower it is the water”, therefore roads are usually considered by modern Feng Shui masters as water streams.  So the good and bad Feng Shui originated from natural rivers could also be applied to roads.

Remember the image below we saw in the last lesson?  Consider the river as a curved road and the two farmlands as two houses.  You can easily figure out that the Feng Shui of house A is better than house B, applying the principle I taught you in the last lesson.  In fact, we have two terms specifically used to call these two situations.  A is “環抱水” or “玉環帶腰” (“embraced by water” or “jade belt around one’s belly”) and B is “反弓水” (“convex water”).

In traditional Feng Shui, water means wealth (水為財).  However, if there is a long and straight road pointing directly to the entrance of your house, it is not good.

Imagine a water hose with strong running water pointing to your face.  You won’t feel comfortable since the splash of water goes into your mouth and nose.  For the same reason, a long and straight road/water stream creates a movement of Chi which is too strong to the occupiers of the house.

A road is not limited to one on the ground.  Flyover (or overpass) also counts.  Look at the photo below, you will see that the buildings fronting the blue circled area have bad Feng Shui due to convex water (just like the Farmland B).

(Photo source: http://kxcyg.blog.163.com/blog/static/59492764201010795324443/)

Besides, even if a flyover is not curved, if it passes right outside your window, it is not good.  Firstly, it will block the natural light and ventilation.  Secondly, the view outside would look very tense.  Finally, the traffic outside may bring sound and air pollution.

## Lighting

Having sufficient lighting is good, but if there is strong light from outside it is bad.  The image below, which shows a real situation in China, is a good demonstration of bad Feng Shui due to strong light from outside.  On the right hand side is a residential building and on the left there is a giant signboard.  Do you think you can sleep well if you live in this building?  Certainly not.

(Photo source: http://www.hj.cn/html/200710/09/098266510.shtml)

Another common source of strong light is the sunlight reflection from glass wall of the opposite building.  Although the light would only exist in daytime, the annoyance it brings is not to be under-looked.

On the other hand, if your house is surrounded by buildings that shade the natural sunlight, it is also a bad Feng Shui situation.  Sunlight is Yang, without sufficient sunlight the house would be heavily inclined to Yin, which is a source of bad luck.

## Sound

Just now we mentioned how roads could affect Feng Shui.  No matter the shape of the road, if the traffic is heavy and the road is close, there is chance of noise pollution.  You don’t need to ask a Feng Shui master to tell how bad living in a noisy place is.

Similarly, if unfortunately you live in a community with many pubs that operate overnight, chances are you had the experience of annoyed by noise (from strong music and the drunk men who yell).

I has the experience of living on the second floor of a building which faces a garbage collection station.  Everyday at 6am garbage trucks come to that station to collect the garbage, while producing lots of noise.  It worked like an alarm, I could wake up everyday at 6.  This experience told me that I should never live nearby a source of noise again.

## Other Objects

Remember the image below that I showed you in the last lesson?  Imagine it is not a tree but a light pole.  The bad effect is the same.  Basically, we don’t want any think similar to a flag pole that goes directly into the heart of a building.

Other artificial objects outside your home that could cause bad Feng Shui include electricity pylon (transmission tower), chimney and any other things that looks bad.  Just use your imagination and you could find out more.

## Human Actions

We studied the effects of artificial objects.  How about our actions?  Would what we do affects Feng Shui?  Sure.

Years ago I examined the Feng Shui of an office.  The company that occupies that office ran into trouble.  I tried Ba Gua and Flying Star Feng Shui but found no reason of that problem.  Later, I found that the trouble was caused by the fault of the gardener.

What did the gardener do?  He trimmed a tree right outside the office entrance!  The tree originally looked like a big umbrella that shelters rain and wind.  Now with much less branches and leaves, it became a bad-looking fork!  A folk that is pointing towards the office!  Now you see why the company experienced a bad time since the tree was trimmed.

[linebreak style=”11.png”]

## Takeaway Feng Shui

In traditional Feng Shui we call the above bad Feng Shui designs “Sha” (煞).  Usually Feng Shui practitioners in Chinese society recommend hanging a Feng Shui compass on where the Sha exists.  The rationale is that a Chinese Feng Shui compass has all kinds symbols representing all elements in the universe.  No matter which type of Sha there must be one or more symbols that could neutralize the Sha effects, like acid neutralizing alkali.  Knowing that Feng Shui compass is less common outside China, an alternative is to print out the graphics of a Feng Shui compass.

Another common Feng Shui items for Sha neutralization is calabash.  According to traditional Feng Shui theories, calabash can absorb negative Chi and Sha and trap them inside.  Therefore, if you want hang a calabash facing a source of Sha, make sure it is opened.  A top-sealed calabash does not neutralize Sha.  If you live in places reachable by Amazon online store, you can easily purchase one by searching for “Feng Shui Calabash“.

Or you can hang a convex mirror out, facing the Sha direction.  It reflects the Sha and decentralize its effects.  However, since the mirror may accidentally reflects the Sha to the building opposite to you, I usually would not recommend this method unless there are no other choices.